Traits of the Pubic Administrator
This paper provides an understanding of the traits and job requirements for the role of the Public Administrator. This embracing aspects of leadership, teamwork, policy making, ethical considerations, social behaviour and general proficiency in Information Technology (IT) skills within the Public Sector. This is placed in the context of Management Science.
IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP
Leadership development is both an important matter for individuals and for the Executive of an organization for those aspiring to develop business management careers. Training forms a vital part of developing leadership skills and developing your individual leadership style. It is important that your leadership style is reflective of the organizational mission statement, philosophy and way of conducting business. Although organizations may tolerate a broad range of leadership styles, nevertheless it is important that your style is not too far removed from the central ethos of management.
There are four main types of leadership styles: Autocratic, Democratic, Consultative and Laissez Faire. These may be defined as follows:
- DEMOCRATIC: The democratic manager is a delegator of responsibility allowing staff the authority to complete assigned tasks. Staff may use their own methods but tasks need to be completed on time, within scope and accepted quality levels. Staff are more involved in the decision making process and this is a motivator because of inclusivity. Note that delegation of responsibility does not free the Manager from accountability; the Manager is accountable for the end result. There is a danger that staff do not carry their weight and rely upon others to carry them. This is a common style that Public Sector Administrators are adopting in business transformation of the Public Sector.
- AUTOCRATIC: This is an extreme form of leadership style and more geared towards that of a dictatorship. Under this scenario the leaders rule is absolute and this type of leaders does not involve others in the decision making process. This leader is prone to using force, threat or manipulation in order to achieve their goals. The leadership style is not really appropriate to most modern day business settings. This is the old leadership style of Public Administration and no longer has a place in modern business practices that require more integration of teamwork and group dynamics.
- CONSULTATIVE: This type of leadership style is more concerned with the end results and seeks the input of subordinates for opinions into the decision making process. This person seeks out and is prepared to listen to the opinion of others. This type of participative management style often achieves better results and equally “buy in” from the organizations and those who are involved in the implementation aspects of the decision making process. This type of leadership approach is specialised and used for more collaborative administrative situations. <